At the Clinique Vétérinaire Dollard, animal sterilization is a subject that is close to our hearts!
This surgery consists of the removal of the testicles in the male and the removal of the ovaries and the uterus in the female. It helps prevent not only unwanted pregnancies and animal overpopulation, but also diseases such as cancer (mammary glands, prostate or testicles), prostate problems (prostatitis) and uterine infections (pyometra, pyometritis, purulent endometritis). Females generally come into “heat” at 6-7 months, which is regulated by hormones. When the non spayed femelle gets older, there may be a hormonal disorder that can cause a very serious condition called pyometritis: the uterus becomes infected and fills with pus, often causing fever, lethargy, anorexia, intense thirst, frequent urination and sometimes vaginal discharge and abdominal distension. Untreated, the dog may die. The treatment of choice is surgical removal of the uterus before the infection spreads throughout the body of the female dog or cat.
This is one reason why veterinarians recommend to sterilize female dogs and cats at a young age. It is always riskier to operate on a dog who is weakened by infection, than a young animal in good health! Prevention is key!
Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions about the sterilization of your furry four-legged companion, male or female!